Woolmaster, The Premier Name In Superfine Wool Products

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About Wool

Woolmaster.com selects only the highest quality wool fabrics for all our tailored apparel and accessories. Please make sure to always check on caring for wool in this website.

Wool Fabric Definitions And Care

Worsted Fabrics
Made from finer fibers and longer staple length (longer than three inches), carded, combed and drawn

Woolen Fabrics
Made from medium to course diameter fibers and shorter length (one to three inches), carded only.

Boiled Wool
Fabric is boiled before the construction of the garment; this process shrinks the fibers and makes the fabric tighter, giving it more warmth and elasticity.

Flannel
A light to medium weight wool fabric with a slightly napped surface, woven with worsted wool.

Gabardine
A durable, closely woven worsted wool fabric with definite diagonal ridges.

Harris Tweed
A very durable wool fabric spun, dyed and hand-woven in the Scotland.

High-Twist Wool
High-Twist crepe yarns in lightweight wool are woven to create a fine designer fabric with a smooth texture and beautiful drape. High twist wool is a versatile fabric with seasonless appeal.

Houndstooth fabric
Irregular colored ½” to 2” check like a square with points at two corners consists of colored checks altimating with white or other color, produced by a yarn-dyed twill weave.

Lambswool
Fine, soft wool from the first shearing of a lamb, usually when it is about six to seven months old.

Merino Wool
Is made of the finest grades of wool from Merino sheep, grades of 23 micron or finer. It is prized for being very soft and comfortable against skin.

Shetland wool
Very fine, lustrous wool from the down soft undercoat of Shetland sheep raised on the Shetland Islands off the northern coast of Scotland, available in limited quantities of natural colors and used to make soft knitwear and coats.

Challis
A very soft, supple lightweight, plain weave fabric.

Tweed
A general term describing stron, rough texture fabrics with mixed color effects

Wool Crepe
A refined yet durable fabric with a subtle, pebbled texture and exceptional drape, wool crepe is perfect for tailored garments and offers year-round versatility. Threads are crimped in S or Z patterns to create a fabric that resists wrinkling.

Warm-Weather Wool
A lightest weight, pure wool fabric, ideal for warm weather and year-round wear. It is cool and comfortable with a soft drape.

Melton Wool
A thick wool fabric with a smooth, dull, napped surface used for coats.

Double-faced Wool
A combination of two clothe woven on the loom at the same time held together by binder threads. Soft and luxurious to wear, it is used extensively in designer tailored clothing.

Pashmina
A soft lightweight luxurious fabric made from the hair of the Tibetian goat, which produces fine fleece called pashm.

Wool Specialty Fibers
Although still classified as wool. Are further classified by the animal the fiber comes from.

Alpaca
The most important quality of Alpaca is its soft slippery feel; this allows a 26/27 micron alpaca to handle like superfine wool and in the finer microns like cashmere. Alpaca is three times stronger than sheep’s wool and five times warmer. and comes in 22 natural colors

Mohair
This is from the Angora goat and is highly resilient and strong.

Angora
This is from the Angora rabbit. This soft fiber is used in sweaters, mittens and baby clothes.

Camel
This hair is from the extremely soft and fine fur from the undercoat of the camel. Camel’s hair can be used alone but is most often combined with fine wool for overcoating, topcoating, sportswear.Because of the beauty of the color; fabrics containing camel’s hair are usually left in the natural.

Vicuna
This is the softest coat cloth in the world. Vicuña is a member of the Llama family. This fiber is very rare and very expensive, costing several hundred dollars per yard.

Identifying Superfine Wool Fabrics and Description of Wool's Finess

Micron
Is a unit of measurement (one millionth of a meter) that describes the average diameter of a staple or lot of wool. Human eye can discern only 3 microns. The 18-24 micron range describes what is commercially recognized as Merino wool. The 25-32 micron range describes medium wool used in blanket. The 33-40 micron range most often is used in the carpet industry. The "Super's" identifies a range of fine fabrics from Super 100's through 210's, the higher the figure the finer used in the fabric.

Identifying Superfine Wool Fabrics
X' Value Average Fineness Micron
Super 80's 19.5
Super 90's 19.0
Super 100's 18.5
Super 110's 18.0
Super 120's 17.5
Super 130's 17.0
Super 140's 16.5
Super 150's 16.0
Super 160's 15.5
Super 170's 15.0
Super 180's 14.5
Super 190's 14.0
Super 200's 13.5
Super 210's 13.0


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